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Spedding Vineyard

QUICK FACTS
  • First planted in 2016 (4 years old in 2020).
  • Spedding Vineyard is our third highest vineyard – 187m at its highest point – with a 5° slope on the western side and 6° on the eastern side of the valley.
  • In 2016 we planted 18,500 Pinot Noir vines covering just 1.48 ha at 1.1m x 0.75m vine spacing (12,120 vines/ha). As a comparison, McCutcheon Vineyard has the more traditional Australian row/vine spacing of 2.5m x 1.5m with a resultant density of 2,667 vines/ha; the new vineyard is 4.6 times more dense.
  • In 2017 we planted 10,400 vines covering just 1.72 ha at 2.2m x 0.75m vine spacing (6,060 vines/ha).
  • The new vineyard is on typical Main Ridge red, volcanic soils and has lovely gentle north easterly and north westerly slopes on either side of the Manton Creek valley.
  • Clones planted on this vineyard include MV6, Abel, Pommard and a “suitcase” clone on a combination of 3309 and 101-14 rootstock.
HISTORY

The Spedding Vineyard is on both sides of the Manton Creek valley with a maximum elevation of 187m on the western side and 173m on the eastern side, falling to 159m at the creek.

The Manton Creek valley starts just north of the vineyard near the junction of Mornington-Flinders and Tucks Roads. Manton Creek is joined by Cotton Tree Creek just before it flows into Westernport Bay midway between Shoreham and Flinders (Cotton Tree Creek begins near the Wallis Vineyard).

Overview

On the western side, Spedding has the same slope as McCutcheon – a vertical fall of 28m over a horizontal distance of 318m therefore the average slope is about 1 in 11 or about 5°; on the eastern side it is the same as Judd, our steepest vineyard – a vertical fall of 14m over a horizontal distance of 142m, so 1 in 10 or about 6° (Judd is 6°, McCutcheon 5°, Wallis 4° and Coolart Road 1°).

It is our third highest vineyard, reaching 187m at its highest point (Judd is 206m, McCutcheon 200m, Spedding 187m, Wallis 142m and Coolart Road 72m).

VARIETY PINOT NOIR CHARDONNAY PINOT GRIS TOTAL
Clone “Suitcase”, Abel, Pommard, MV6 Mendoza, 95 D1V7  
Planted 2000 (?) -2016 2017 2000  
Area (ha) 2.64 1.72 0.27 4.63
VARIETY
PINOT NOIR CHARDONNAY PINOT GRIS TOTAL
Clone “Suitcase”, Abel, Pommard, MV6 Mendoza, 95 D1V7  
Planted 2000 (?) -2016 2017 2000  
Area (ha) 2.64 1.72 0.27 4.63
SLOPE ORIENTATION

All the vine rows, on both sides of the valley, run down the slope, orientated east to west.

SLOPE & ELEVATION

On the western side the slope ranges from facing north east to due east and on the eastern side due west.

SOIL

The soils here are the red ferrosols common to the Main Ridge sub-region.

TEMPERATURE

We obviously have no data for this vineyard because we use harvest date as a proxy for temperature. Logically it should be close to McCutcheon and Judd but with the high density plantings, different clones and so on we need to build a history. For the record, harvest dates for existing vineyards are recorded below. 19 Year Average Pinot Noir Harvest Dates… Coolart Road (A Block MV6, altitude 69m) 7 March (10 year average) Wallis (Middle Block MV6, altitude 128m) 27 March Judd (Creek Block 115, altitude 163m) 28 March Spedding – ??? McCutcheon (Ridge Block MV6, altitude 201m) 2 April Harvest differences (days)…

WHY DO HIGH DENSITY PLANTING?

Historically, vine density and row spacing was a function of available land, equipment and techniques of the time. Pre-phylloxera vineyards in Burgundy were planted using a mass layering technique that resulted in very high planting densities (30,000 vines per hectare or more). Vines were arranged in a random pattern with all work in the vineyards done by hand.

In the late 1800s phylloxera destroyed the ‘own roots’ vines in Burgundy and the vineyards were subsequently replanted on American rootstock and arranged in the trellised rows we see today. This replanting coincided with the use of the horse as a labour-saving practice so vines were replanted in rows in the ‘classic’ 1m x 1m spacing. The row width was determined by the width of a horse; machinery that followed later was adapted to suit.

In Australia, as in France, vineyard density has also been determined by available machinery. However, in Australia commercial vineyard tractors are typically based on farm or orchard models with an overall width of 1.5m to 2m; this has necessitated vineyard rows of between 2.5m to 3.5m for adequate machinery access and clearance.

Over the past decade, many cool climate wine growers in Australia have learnt that vines grown with closer spacing between plants and rows have greatly improved quality outcomes. However, the density limit remains dictated by the tractor’s minimum width.

Around the world, consumers of high quality Pinot Noir and Chardonnay look to Burgundy as the benchmark region for the highest quality expression of the two varieties. This highlights the need for Australian producers to examine current practices and techniques and look for areas of potential quality improvement. Recently, commercial vine nurseries in Australia have begun importing new selections of highly regarded Burgundian Pinot Noir and Chardonnay clones that have been widely planted and credited for positive increase in wine quality and complexity.

In an ongoing effort to explore the influence of best viticulture practices on wine quality we have established this new High Density (HD) vineyard, made possible by importing some specialised European vineyard equipment able to work in 1m rows and allowing us to plant our vineyard at the same density used on the best slopes of the Cote d’Or.

Very early indications are that the new plant densities will have very positive impact on fruit quality which will help elevate the wine quality and structure to a higher level. Based on experience with other HD vineyards we expect to see…

  • smaller berries and bunches
  • better crop load balance
  • more cross shading of canopy, fruit and vineyard floor
  • humidity levels tend to be higher
  • cane, bunch and berry stem lignification are more developed.

These are all key attributes for quality wine production and help to counteract climatic challenges such as sunburnt fruit and vine stress from dry soil and low humidity.

 
  COOLART WALLIS JUDD SPEDDING MCCUTCHEON
Coolart 7 March - -19 -21 ? -26
Wallis 27 March +19 - -2 ? -7
Judd 28 March +21 +2 - ? -5
Spedding ? ? ? - ?
McCutcheon 2 April +26 +7 +5 ? -
 
COOLART WALLIS JUDD SPEDDING MCCUTCHEON
Coolart 7 March - -19 -21 ? -26
Wallis 27 March +19 - -2 ? -7
Judd 28 March +21 +2 - ? -5
Spedding ? ? ? - ?
McCutcheon 2 April +26 +7 +5 ? -

Vineyard Blocks

HIGH DENSITY PINOT NOIR

These blocks make up the north west quarter of the property near the top of the ridge.

GRAPE VARIETY PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR
Clone Suitcase Abel Pommard MV6
Planted 2016 2016 2016 2016
Bearing 2019 2019 2019 2019
Area (ha) 0.45 0.48 0.44 0.11
Elevation (m) 176-187 176-187 176-187 176-187
Slope 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5°
Slope orientation North east North east North east North east
Row Orientation East-west East-west East-west East-west
Rootstock 101-14/3309 3309 101-14 Own
Trellis VSP VSP VSP VSP
Row/vine spacing (m) 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75
Vine density (/ha) 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
GRAPE VARIETY
PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR
Clone Suitcase Abel Pommard MV6
Planted 2016 2016 2016 2016
Bearing 2019 2019 2019 2019
Area (ha) 0.45 0.48 0.44 0.11
Elevation (m) 176-187 176-187 176-187 176-187
Slope 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5° 1:11 / ~5°
Slope Orientation North east North east North east North east
Row Orientation East-west East-west East-west East-west
Rootstock 101-14/3309 3309 101-14 Own
Trellis VSP VSP VSP VSP
Row/Vine Spacing (m) 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75 1.1 x 0.75
Vine Density (/ha) 12,120 12,120 12,120 12,120
MEDIUM DENSITY CHARDONNAY

The middle of the eastern side of the valley.

GRAPE VARIETY CHARDONNAY CHARDONNAY
Clone 95 Mendoza
Planted 2017 2017
Bearing 2020 2020
Area (ha) 0.86 0.86
Elevation (m) 159-174 159-174
Slope 1:10 / ~6° 1:10 / ~6°
Slope orientation West West
Row orientation East West East West
Rootstock 101-14 101-14
Trellis VSP VSP
Pruning Cane Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 2.2 x 0.75 2.2 x 0.75
Vine density (/ha) 6,060 6,060
OLD VINES

The south-east quarter of the property.

GRAPE VARIETY PINOT NOIR PINOT GRIS
Clone MV6 D1V7
Planted 2000 2000
Bearing Yes Yes
Area (ha) 1.17 0.27
Elevation (m) 160-177 160-177
Slope 1:10 / ~6° 1:10 / ~6°
Slope orientation West West
Row orientation East West East West
Rootstock Own Own
Trellis VSP VSP
Pruning Cane Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 2.4 x 1.2 2.4 x 1.2
Vine density (/ha) 3,470 3,470