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Judd Vineyard

QUICK FACTS
  • First planted in 1990 (30 years old in 2020).
  • Our steepest vineyard – average slope is almost 6° – and our highest vineyard, reaching 206m at its highest point.
  • This west facing vineyard experiences great afternoon and evening heat loads right up to the point of sunset and, for soil temperatures, into the evening. Partly due to this the Judd Vineyard is much more generous in the fruit flavour profiles which offers a unique point of difference from the elegance of Wallis and delicacy of McCutcheon.
  • 115 (and sometimes 114) from the Creek Block provides the fruit for the Judd Pinot Noir.
  • P58 from the Poplar Block provides the fruit for Judd Chardonnay.
  • On average, Pinot Noir ripens here 21 days later than Coolart Road, 2 days later than Wallis and 5 days earlier than McCutcheon.
  • Also home to our Sauvignon Blanc.
HISTORY

In 1988 on instructions from the original owner, the Gurry family, viticultural consultant Ian MacRae conducted a feasibility study on establishing a vineyard on the property. The report concluded…

“The property has approximately 10 hectares of land highly suitable for viticultural development…this site is capable of supporting economic crop levels of winegrapes of very high quality.”

As Splitters Ridge Estate, the first grapes, 3.2 hectares of Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon, were planted in 1990; subsequent plantings by the original owners included 1.2 hectares of Chardonnay in 1993 and, in 1994, 0.8 hectares of Sauvignon Blanc and 0.4 hectare of Pinot Noir.

The Judd family bought the property in 1996 and in 1999 founded Ten Minutes by Tractor. Although all three families sold the wine business in 2004, the three founding vineyards continue to be represented in our estate and single vineyard wines.

Overview

The Judd Vineyard is on the due west facing slope of a valley running between the ridges of Main Creek and Purves Roads at an elevation of 206m in the east to Splitters Creek at the bottom of the valley at an elevation of 159m in the west. The property extends up the opposite, east facing, slope where our olive grove is planted.

The Splitters Creek valley begins near Arthurs Seat Road and the Judd vineyard sits just over 3 kilometres south of there. Splitters Creek runs into Main Creek at Baldrys Road and Main Creek eventually flows into Bass Strait at Bushranger Bay, some 11 kilometres to the south

Judd is our steepest vineyard: in total there is a 47m vertical fall over a horizontal distance of about 450m, therefore the average slope is about 1 in 10 or almost 6° (McCutcheon is about 5°, Wallis 4° and Coolart Road 1°).  It is also our highest vineyard, reaching 206m at its highest point (McCutcheon is 200m, Spedding 187m, Wallis 142m and Coolart Road 72m). The highest point on the Mornington Peninsula, Arthurs Seat, has an altitude of 305m.

VARIETY PINOT NOIR CHARDONNAY SAUVIGNON BLANC TOTAL
Clone 114, 114, 777, MV6 p58 F14V9, HSV10  
Planted 1996-2009 1994 1993-1997  
Area (ha) 3.42 1.32 1.12 5.86
VARIETY
PINOT NOIR CHARDONNAY SAUVIGNON BLANC TOTAL
Clone 114, 114, 777, MV6 p58 F14V9, HSV10  
Planted 1996-2009 1994 1993-1997  
Area (ha) 3.42 1.32 1.12 5.86
SLOPE ORIENTATION

Due west. This vineyard sees slow morning warming as the sun rises over the ridge and experiences great summer and autumn afternoon and evening heat loads right up to the point of sunset and, for soil temperatures, into the evening. Partly due to this the Judd Vineyard is much more generous in the fruit flavour profiles of all the varieties planted which offers a unique point of difference from the elegance of the Wallis and delicate nature of the McCutcheon.

ROW ORIENTATION

Except for a small parcel of Pinot Noir (the North-South Block), all the vine rows run down the slope, orientated east to west. This facilitates drainage down the slope, orientates the rows perpendicular to the strongest of the prevailing winds (north and south to south-west), reduces the impact of any intense heatwave bursts (the hottest afternoon sun from the west has less impact than on west facing rows, ie those running north-south), achieves the longest and most efficient row length and is safest for any tractor operations.

TEMPERATURE

Taking Pinot Noir harvest dates from our reference blocks as a proxy for temperature, Coolart Road is our warmest vineyard followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon. This we would expect – Coolart Road is the lowest followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon is the highest. And of course it is never that simple, there are specifics in each reference vineyard that effect the averages…

  • Judd Pinot Noir is the earlier ripening 115 clone; Coolart Road, McCutcheon and Wallis are the later ripening MV6.
  • Judd and Coolart Road Pinot Noir is on hybrid rootstock; McCutcheon and Wallis are on their own; the rootstocks on Judd and Coolart Road contribute to a short vegetative cycle.
  • Judd faces due west, McCutcheon due east; Coolart Road and Wallis are flatter with a slight northerly aspect. Wallis is close to Bass Strait and exposed to cooler breezes from there.

19 Year Average Pinot Noir Harvest Dates…

  • Coolart Road (A Block MV6, altitude 69m) 7 March (10 year average)
  • Wallis (Middle Block MV6, altitude 128m) 27 March
  • Judd (Creek Block 115, altitude 163m) 28 March
  • McCutcheon (Ridge Block MV6, altitude 201m) 2 April Harvest differences (days)…
SOIL

The soils here are the red ferrosols common to the Main Ridge sub-region.

The top soil, classed as a silty clay loam, runs to a depth of about 20-30cm over these red ferrosols. It suffers little from compaction and is generally well aerated, with excellent drainage and no water logging. The upper zone of the vineyard has thinner topsoil and dries out faster than the lower zone.

Water drains to the west, along the vine rows, with land contours and slowly seeps into the lower zone creating higher soil moisture content. Due to this long term water penetration the lower soils are slightly more fertile than those higher in the vineyard. This has resulted in the planting of all the Pinot Noir onto phylloxera resistant rootstocks which also add a de-vigouring effect; this has greatly assisted with yield control and vine balance which in turn has led to an improvement in flavour development.

These are very broad soil classifications and we are continuing to investigate the more specific details in each vineyard, in fact, each block.

WIND

Wind breaks along the northern and southern boundaries protect the vineyard from the strongest winds – the northerlies and south-south westerlies. Summer northerly’s can be strong here and can have a drying influence although fertile soils keep vine health at a desired level and winter southerly’s can make this a very cold vineyard to prune.

 
  COOLART WALLIS JUDD MCCUTCHEON
Coolart 7 March - -19 -21 -26
Wallis 27 March +19 - -2 -7
Judd 28 March +21 +2 - -5
McCutcheon 2 April +26 +7 +5 -
 
COOLART WALLIS JUDD MCCUTCHEON
Coolart 7 March - -19 -21 -26
Wallis 27 March +19 - -2 -7
Judd 28 March +21 +2 - -5
McCutcheon 2 April +26 +7 +5 -

Vineyard Blocks

GARDEN & HOME BLOCKS

These blocks make up the south east quarter of the property near the top of the ridge and are home to our Sauvignon Blanc. They are our highest vineyards.

While Sauvignon Blanc tends to be highly vigorous, the leaner soils of this upper slope are the perfect site for slow ripening.

GRAPE VARIETY SAUVIGNON BLANC SAUVIGNON BLANC
Clone F14V9 HSV10
Planted 1993 1997
Bearing Yes Yes
Area (ha) 0.77 0.35
Elevation (m) 192-206 181-206
Slope 1:8 / ~7° 1:7 / ~8°
Slope orientation West West
Row orientation East West East West
Rootstock Own Own
Trellis Scott-Henry Scott-Henry
Pruning Cane Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 3 x 2 3 x 2
Vine density (/ha) 1,667 1,667
POPLAR BLOCK

The north east quarter of the property planted with Chardonnay in 1994. The source of fruit for our single vineyard Judd Chardonnay.

Exposure to afternoon and evening heat loads result in the Judd Chardonnay being more generous than McCutcheon and Wallis.

GRAPE VARIETY CHARDONNAY
Clone P58
Planted 1994
Bearing Yes
Area (ha) 1.32
Elevation (m) 179-193
Slope 1:9 / ~6°
Slope orientation West
Row orientation East West
Rootstock Own
Trellis Scott-Henry
Pruning Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 3 x 2
Vine density (/ha) 1,667
NORTH – SOUTH BLOCK

Sited about half way along the southern boundary.

This block is orientated north north east/south south west with the rows running along the contours. It was planted this way simply to allow the most efficient use of the space below the small dam which already existed on the property.

GRAPE VARIETY PINOT NOIR
Clone 777
Planted D2V5 planted 1996, regrafted to 777 2007
Bearing First Crop 2012
Area (ha) 0.31
Elevation (m) 177-182
Slope 1:8 / ~7°
Slope orientation West
Row orientation North - Northeast
Rootstock 101-14
Trellis VSP
Pruning Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 2.75 x 1.5
Vine density (/ha) 2,424
CREEK BLOCK

The lower half of the property running down toSplitters Creek and the dam.

The 115 and 114 from this block has produced a single vineyard wine in 2010, 2008 and 2007 (and in fact the 115 was the only wine used in the 2004 Ten Minutes by Tractor Pinot Noir)

GRAPE VARIETY PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR
Clone 777 114 115 115 115 MV6
Planted Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996. Pulled and replanted to 777 2006 Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996. Pulled and replanted to 114 2003 Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996. Pulled and replanted to 114 2003 1997 Originally CL770/D8V12 Temp planted 2004-06, grafted to 115 2009 Originally I10V1 CH planted 1994, grafted to 115 2006 Originally I10V1 CH planted 1994, grafted to MV6 2007
Bearing 2010 Yes Yes 2013 2011 2012
Area (ha) 0.44 0.45 0.84 0.27 0.42 0.70
Elevation (m) 159-176 159-176 163-174 163-174 164-176 164-176
Slope 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4°
Slope orientation West West West West West West
Row Orientation East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west
Rootstock 101-14 101-14 Schwarzmann 101-14 101-14 101-14
Trellis VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP
Pruning Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 1.5
Vine density (/ha) 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 2,222
GRAPE VARIETY PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR PINOT NOIR
Clone 777 114 115 115 115 MV6
Planted Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996.
Pulled and replanted to ‍777 2006
Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996.
Pulled and replanted to ‍114 2003
Originally Cab Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996.
Pulled and replanted to 114 2003
1997 Originally CL770/D8V12 Temp planted 2004-06, grafted to 115 2009 Originally I10V1 CH planted 1994, grafted to 115 2006 Originally I10V1 CH planted 1994, grafted to MV6 2007
Bearing 2010 Yes Yes 2013 2011 2012
Area (ha) 0.44 0.45 0.84 0.27 0.42 0.70
Elevation (m) 159-176 159-176 163-174 163-174 164-176 164-176
Slope 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4°
Slope Orientation West West West West West West
Row Orientation East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west
Rootstock 101-14 101-14 Schwarzmann 101-14 101-14 101-14
Trellis VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP
Pruning Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane
Row/Vine Spacing (m) 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 2 3 x 1.5
Vine Density (/ha) 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 2,222