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Wallis Vineyard

  • First planted in 1992 (26 years old in 2018).
  • Our second “flattest” vineyard – the average slope is 4°. Also our second lowest vineyard reaching 142m at its highest point.
  • The north east slope means it receives good daytime light and heat exposure though night time temperatures fall quickly as the valley acts as a drain drawing the cooler night air down through the vineyard and off to Bass Strait 5 kilometres away. “Ocean” sea breezes from Bass Strait also keep temperatures lower than they might otherwise be.
  • MV6 from the Middle Block provides most of the fruit for the Wallis Vineyard Pinot Noir.
  • P58 from the Tree Block provides the fruit for the Wallis Vineyard Chardonnay (this is our lowest Chardonnay block).
  • Our second warmest vineyard; on average, Pinot Noir ripens here 19 days later than Coolart Road, 2 days earlier than Judd and 7 days earlier than McCutcheon.
  • Chardonnay ripens earliest here – 5 days ealier than McCutcheon and 11 days earlier than Judd.
  • Also home to our oldest Pinot Gris block.
QUICK FACTS
HISTORY

Wallis Vineyard sits in the upper zone of a valley which begins at Beechers Way at 196m above sea level and falls to Westernport Bay over a distance of just under 6 kilometres. The vineyard is on a gentle north east facing slope and is our lowest vigour vineyard.

Cotton Tree Creek, a spring fed creek, runs along the valley base; it runs with good water quality throughout the year. Its presence means a higher water table underneath the vineyard due to its proximity, this influences sub-soil moisture and surface and sub-surface drainage is important. Cotton Tree Creek is joined by Musk Creek and then joins Manton Creek just before it flows into Westernport Bay midway between Shoreham and Flinders (Manton Creek begins near the Winebar Vineyard and flows through the Spedding Vineyard).

Overview

Variety

Variety

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Chardonnay

Chardonnay

Pinot Gris

Pinot Gris

Total

Total

Variety

Clone

Pinot Noir

MV6, 777, 115

Chardonnay

P58, 95

Pinot Gris

D1V7

Total

Variety

Planted

Pinot Noir

1995-2007

Chardonnay

1992, 2016

Pinot Gris

1995

Total

Variety

Area (ha)

Pinot Noir

2.37

Chardonnay

2.08

Pinot Gris

0.40

Total

4.84

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SLOPE & ELEVATION

 

Wallis is our second “flattest” vineyard – the average slope is 4° against 1° at Coolart Road, 5° at McCutcheon, 5°-6° at Spedding and 6° at Judd. Also our second lowest vineyard reaching 142m at its highest point (Coolart Road is 72m, Spedding is 187m, McCutcheon is 200m and Judd is 206m).

The Wallis Vineyard slope differs from McCutcheon and Judd in that its slope does not match the high and low points of the vineyard, nor does the row orientation coincide with the slope. An “average” cross section through the vineyard has a 17m vertical fall from 135m to 118m over a horizontal distance of about 215m, therefore the average slope is about 1 in 13 or just over 4°. The highest point in the vineyard, the south west corner, is 142m; the lowest, the north east corner, is 112m.

SLOPE ORIENTATION

 

North east. The unique position of this vineyard means it receives good daytime light and heat exposure though the valley is open to cooling sea breezes and night time temperatures fall quickly as the valley acts as a drain drawing the cooler night air down through the vineyard and off to Westernport Bay 5 kilometres away.

ROW ORIENTATION

 

The three Wallis blocks all have a slightly different orientation ranging from north north east for the Piano Block through north east by north for the Tree Block and east north east for the Middle Block – these are all approximately down the slope, orientated north east. This facilitates drainage down the slope.

WIND

 

Wind breaks along the north west, south east and south west boundaries protect the vineyard from the strongest winds – the northerlies and south-south westerlies – but it experiences lighter effects, particularly from the north and east.

Exposure to cooling sea breezes up the Cotton Tree valley and the draw down of cooler evening air through the valley assist with cooling of this vineyard during summer; the hotter northerly winds tend to blow over the top.

Taking Pinot Noir harvest dates from our reference blocks as a proxy for temperature, Coolart Road is our warmest vineyard followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon. This we would expect – Coolart Road is the lowest followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon is the highest. And of course it is never that simple, there are specifics in each reference vineyard that effect the averages…

  • Judd Pinot Noir is the earlier ripening 115 clone; Coolart Road, McCutcheon and Wallis are the later ripening MV6.
  • Judd and Coolart Road Pinot Noir is on hybrid rootstock; McCutcheon and Wallis are on their own; the rootstocks on Judd and Coolart Road contribute to a short vegetative cycle.
  • Judd faces due west, McCutcheon due east; Coolart Road and Wallis are flatter with a slight northerly aspect.
  • Wallis is close to Bass Strait and exposed to cooler breezes from there.

19 Year Average Pinot Noir Harvest Dates…

  • Coolart Road (A Block MV6, altitude 69m)   7 March (10 year average)
  • Wallis (Middle Block MV6, altitude 128m)   27 March
  • Judd (Creek Block 115, altitude 163m)   28 March
  • McCutcheon (Ridge Block MV6, altitude 201m)   2 April

Harvest differences (days)…

SOIL

 

The soils here are the red ferrosols common to the Main Ridge sub-region.

There are the beginnings of brown dermosols and brown ferrosols along the creek line here – these are more indicative of the Flinders soil profile, however, we believe soil type is a key component of the terroir of our Main Ridge vineyards and the Wallis Vineyard remains consistent with the others.

The top soil, classed as a silty clay loam, runs to a depth of about 20-30cm over these red ferrosols. It suffers little from compaction and is generally well aerated, with excellent drainage and no water logging.

Water drains roughly to the north-east (north north east through east north east) along the vine rows with land contours towards Cotton Tree Creek.

These are very broad soil classifications and we are continuing to investigate the more specific details in each vineyard, in fact, each block.

Coolart

Coolart

Wallis

Wallis

Judd

Judd

McCutcheon

McCutcheon

Coolart 7 March

Coolart

-

Wallis

-19

Judd

-21

McCutcheon

-26

Wallis 27 March

Coolart

+19

Wallis

-

Judd

-2

McCutcheon

-7

Judd 28 March

Coolart

+21

Wallis

+2

Judd

-

McCutcheon

-5

McCutcheon 2 April

Coolart

+26

Wallis

+7

Judd

+5

McCutcheon

-

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Vineyard Blocks

PIANO BLOCK
Grape Variety

Grape Variety

Chardonnay

Chardonnay

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Grape Variety

Clone

Chardonnay

95

Pinot Noir

777

Pinot Noir

115

Grape Variety

Planted

Chardonnay

Originally Temp planted 1995, grafted to 95 in 2016

Pinot Noir

Originally D2V5 planted 1995, grafted to 777 2005

Pinot Noir

Originally D2V5 planted 1995, grafted to 115 2005

Grape Variety

Bearing

Chardonnay

2019

Pinot Noir

Yes

Pinot Noir

Yes

Grape Variety

Area (ha)

Chardonnay

0.09

Pinot Noir

0.46

Pinot Noir

0.64

Grape Variety

Elevation (m)

Chardonnay

133-140

Pinot Noir

126-138

Pinot Noir

123-137

Grape Variety

Slope

Chardonnay

1:11 / ~5°

Pinot Noir

1:13 / ~4°

Pinot Noir

1:13 / ~4°

Grape Variety

Slope orientation

Chardonnay

North north east

Pinot Noir

North north east

Pinot Noir

North north east

Grape Variety

Row orientation

Chardonnay

North east

Pinot Noir

North east

Pinot Noir

North east

Grape Variety

Rootstock

Chardonnay

101-14

Pinot Noir

D2V5

Pinot Noir

D2V5

Grape Variety

Trellis

Chardonnay

VSP

Pinot Noir

VSP

Pinot Noir

VSP

Grape Variety

Row/vine spacing (m)

Chardonnay

2.2 x 1.5

Pinot Noir

2.2 x 1.5

Pinot Noir

2.2 x 1.5

Grape Variety

Vine density (/ha)

Chardonnay

3,030

Pinot Noir

3,030

Pinot Noir

3,030

This block is in the north west quarter of the property, the highest part of the vineyard. Its name comes from its outline seen from above – it is shaped like a grand piano.

MIDDLE BLOCK
Variety

Variety

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir

Pinot Gris

Pinot Gris

Variety

Clone

Pinot Noir

777

Pinot Noir

MV6

Pinot Gris

D1V7

Variety

Planted

Pinot Noir

Originally G5V15 planted 1995, grafted to 777 in 2005

Pinot Noir

1995

Pinot Gris

1995

Variety

Bearing

Pinot Noir

Yes

Pinot Noir

Yes

Pinot Gris

Yes

Variety

Area (ha)

Pinot Noir

0.15

Pinot Noir

1.12

Pinot Gris

0.40

Variety

Elevation (m)

Pinot Noir

119-125

Pinot Noir

119-128

Pinot Gris

119-131

Variety

Slope

Pinot Noir

1:20 / ~3°

Pinot Noir

1:16 / ~4°

Pinot Gris

1:11 / ~5°

Variety

Slope orientation

Pinot Noir

North north east

Pinot Noir

North north east

Pinot Gris

North north east

Variety

Row orientation

Pinot Noir

East north east

Pinot Noir

East north east

Pinot Gris

East north east

Variety

Rootstock

Pinot Noir

G5V15

Pinot Noir

Own

Pinot Gris

Own

Variety

Trellis

Pinot Noir

VSP

Pinot Noir

VSP

Pinot Gris

VSP

Variety

Row/vine spacing (m)

Pinot Noir

2.2 x 1.5

Pinot Noir

2.2 x 1.5

Pinot Gris

2.2 x 1.5

Variety

Vine density (/ha)

Pinot Noir

3,030

Pinot Noir

3,030

Pinot Gris

3,030

Note:

The middle of the vineyard between the Piano and Tree Blocks.

This small block, and particularly the MV6, is a consistent producer of great Pinot Noir, it is the core of the Wallis Single Vineyard Pinot Noir, produced in  2010, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2003 and 2000.

TREE BLOCK
Variety

Variety

Chardonnay

Chardonnay

Chardonnay

Chardonnay

Tempranillo

Tempranillo

Variety

Clone

Chardonnay

P58

Chardonnay

P58

Tempranillo

D8V12

Variety

Planted

Chardonnay

1992

Chardonnay

1992

Tempranillo

Originally Shiraz planted 92, grafted to Temp in 00

Variety

Bearing

Chardonnay

Yes

Chardonnay

Yes

Tempranillo

Yes

Variety

Area (ha)

Chardonnay

0.66

Chardonnay

1.22

Tempranillo

0.10

Variety

Elevation (m)

Chardonnay

116-127

Chardonnay

113-122

Tempranillo

113-121

Variety

Slope

Chardonnay

1:14 / ~4°

Chardonnay

1:14 / ~4°

Tempranillo

1:14 / ~4°

Variety

Slope orientation

Chardonnay

North north east

Chardonnay

North north east

Tempranillo

North north east

Variety

Row orientation

Chardonnay

North east by north

Chardonnay

North east by north

Tempranillo

North east by north

Variety

Rootstock

Chardonnay

Own

Chardonnay

Own

Tempranillo

Own

Variety

Trellis

Chardonnay

VSP

Chardonnay

Scott-Henry

Tempranillo

VSP

Variety

Row/vine spacing (m)

Chardonnay

2.2 x 1.5

Chardonnay

2.2 x 1.5

Tempranillo

2.2 x 1.5

Variety

Vine density (/ha)

Chardonnay

3,030

Chardonnay

3,030

Tempranillo

3,030

Note:

The Tree Block is nestled low in the valley and protected from most winds. Our Wallis Chardonnay comes from this block, produced in 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2004 and 2000.

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