Judd Vineyard

HISTORY   •   OVERVIEW   •   VINEYARD BLOCKS 

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History

In 1988 on instructions from the original owner, the Gurry family, viticultural consultant Ian MacRae conducted a feasibility study on establishing a vineyard on the property. The report concluded…

“The property has approximately 10 hectares of land highly suitable for viticultural development…this site is capable of supporting economic crop levels of winegrapes of very high quality.”

As Splitters Ridge Estate, the first grapes, 3.2 hectares of Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon, were planted in 1990; subsequent plantings by the original owners included 1.2 hectares of Chardonnay in 1993 and, in 1994, 0.8 hectares of Sauvignon Blanc and 0.4 hectare of Pinot Noir.

The Judd family bought the property in 1996 and in 1999 became part of Ten Minutes By Tractor.

See here for the history of Ten Minutes By Tractor.

 

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Overview

 

Variety Pinot Noir Chardonnay Sauvignon Blanc Total
Clone 114, 115, 777, MV6 P58 F14V9, H5V10  
Planted  1996-2009 1994 1993-1997  
Area (ha)  3.42 1.32 1.12 5.86

 
The Judd Vineyard is on the due west facing slope of a valley running between the ridges of Main Creek and Purves Roads at an elevation of 206m in the east to Splitters Creek at the bottom of the valley at an elevation of 159m in the west. The property extends up the opposite, east facing, slope where our olive grove is planted.

The Splitters Creek valley begins near Arthurs Seat Road and the Judd vineyard sits just over 3 kilometres south of there. Splitters Creek runs into Main Creek at Baldrys Road and Main Creek eventually flows into Bass Strait at Bushranger Bay, some 11 kilometres to the south. 

Slope & Elevation

Judd is our steepest vineyard; in total there is a 47m vertical fall over a horizontal distance of about 450m, therefore the average slope is about 1 in 10 or almost 6° (McCutcheon is about 5°, Wallis 4° and Coolart Road 1°).  It is also our highest vineyard, reaching 206m at its highest point (McCutcheon is 200m, Wallis 142m and Coolart Road 72m). The highest point on the Mornington Peninsula, Arthurs Seat, has an altitude of 305m.

Slope Orientation

Due west. This vineyard sees slow morning warming as the sun rises over the ridge and experiences great summer and autumn afternoon and evening heat loads right up to the point of sunset and, for soil temperatures, into the evening. Partly due to this the Judd Vineyard is much more generous in the fruit flavour profiles of all the varieties planted which offers a unique point of difference from the elegance of the Wallis and delicate nature of the McCutcheon.

Row Orientation

Except for a small parcel of Pinot Noir (the North-South Block), all the vine rows run down the slope, orientated east to west. This facilitates drainage down the slope, orientates the rows perpendicular to the strongest of the prevailing winds (north and south to south-west), reduces the impact of any intense heatwave bursts (the hottest afternoon sun from the west has less impact than on west facing rows, ie those running north-south), achieves the longest and most efficient row length and is safest for any tractor operations.

Soil

The soils here are the red ferrosols common to the Main Ridge sub-region.

The top soil, classed as a silty clay loam, runs to a depth of about 20-30cm over these red ferrosols. It suffers little from compaction and is generally well aerated, with excellent drainage and no water logging. The upper zone of the vineyard has thinner topsoil and dries out faster than the lower zone.

Water drains to the west, along the vine rows, with land contours and slowly seeps into the lower zone creating higher soil moisture content. Due to this long term water penetration the lower soils are slightly more fertile than those higher in the vineyard. This has resulted in the planting of all the Pinot Noir onto phylloxera resistant rootstocks which also add a de-vigouring effect; this has greatly assisted with yield control and vine balance which in turn has led to an improvement in flavour development.

These are very broad soil classifications and we are continuing to investigate the more specific details in each vineyard, in fact, each block.

Temperature

Taking Pinot Noir harvest dates from our reference blocks as a proxy for temperature, Coolart Road is our warmest vineyard followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon. This we would expect – Coolart Road is the lowest followed by Wallis then Judd and McCutcheon is the highest. And of course it is never that simple, there are specifics in each reference vineyard that effect the averages… 

14 Year Average Pinot Noir Harvest Dates...

Harvest differences (days)...

   Coolart    Wallis      Judd    McCutcheon
Coolart   13 March - -14 -14 -19
Wallis   31 March +14 - 0 -5
Judd   31 March +14 0 - -5
McCutcheon   5 April +19 +5 +5 -

 

See here for more detail on climate.

Wind

Wind breaks along the northern and southern boundaries protect the vineyard from the strongest winds – the northerlies and south-south westerlies. Summer northerly’s can be strong here and can have a drying influence although fertile soils keep vine health at a desired level and winter southerly’s can make this a very cold vineyard to prune.

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Vineyard Blocks

Garden & Home Blocks
Grape variety Sauvignon Blanc Sauvignon Blanc
Clone F14V9 H5V10
Planted 1993 1997
Bearing Yes Yes
Area (ha) 0.77 0.35
Elevation (m) 192-206 181-206
Slope 1:8 / ~7° 1:7 / ~8°
Slope orientation West West
Row orientation East-West East-West
Rootstock Own Own
Trellis Scott-Henry Scott-Henry
Pruning Cane Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 3 x 2 3 x 2
Vine density (/ha) 1,667 1,667

 
These blocks make up the south east quarter of the property near the top of the ridge and are home to our Sauvignon Blanc. They are our highest vineyards.

While Sauvignon Blanc tends to be highly vigorous, the leaner soils of this upper slope are the perfect site for slow ripening.

Poplar Block
Grape variety Chardonnay
Clone P58
Planted 1994
Bearing Yes
Area (ha) 1.32
Elevation (m) 179-193
Slope 1:9 / ~6°
Slope orientation West
Row orientation East-west
Rootstock Own
Trellis Scott-Henry
Pruning Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 3 x 2
Vine density (/ha) 1,667


The north east quarter of the property planted with Chardonnay in 1994.

Exposure to afternoon and evening heat loads result in the Judd Chardonnay being more generous than McCutcheon and Wallis.

North-South Block
Grape Variety Pinot Noir
Clone 777
Planted
 
D2V5 planted 1996, regrafted to 777 2007
Bearing First crop 2012
Area (ha) 0.31
Elevation (m) 177-182
Slope 1:8 / ~7°
Slope orientation West
Row orientation North north east
Rootstock 101-14
Trellis VSP
Pruning Cane
Row/vine spacing (m) 2.75 x 1.5
Vine density (/ha) 2,424


Sited about half way along the southern boundary.

This block is orientated north north east/south south west with the rows running along the contours. It was planted this way simply to allow the most efficient use of the space below the small dam which already existed on the property.

Creek Block
Grape Variety Pinot Noir Pinot Noir Pinot Noir Pinot Noir Pinot Noir Pinot Noir
Clone 777 114 115 115 115 MV6
Planted




 

Originally Cab
Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996. 
Pulled and replanted to 777 2006

Originally Cab
Sav planted 1990, grafted to MV6 1996. Pulled and replanted
to 114 2003

1997





 

Originally
CL770/D8V12 Temp planted
2004-06,
grafted to 
115 2009

 

Originally
I10V1 CH
planted 1994, 
grafted to
115 2006


 

Originally
I10V1 CH
planted 1994, 
grafted to
MV6 2007


 

Bearing 2010 Yes Yes 2013 2011 2012
Area (ha) 0.44 0.45 0.84 0.27 0.42  0.70
Elevation (m) 159-176 159-176 163-174 163-174  164-176 164-176
Slope 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4° 1:13 / ~4°
Slope orientation West West West West West West
Row orientation East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west East-west
Rootstock 101-14 101-14 Schwarzmann 101-14 101-14 101-14
Trellis VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP VSP
Pruning Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane Cane
Row/vine
spacing (m)
3 x 2
 
3 x 2
 
3 x 2
 
 3 x 2
 
3 x 2
 
3 x 1.5
 
Vine density (/ha) 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 1,667 2,222


The lower half of the property running down to Splitters Creek and the dam.

The 115 and 114 from this block has produced a single vineyard wine in 2010, 2008 and 2007 (and in fact the 115 was the only wine used in the 2004 Ten Minutes By Tractor Pinot Noir).

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